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2022, no. 1

WEAK GRAVITATIONAL WAVES AND PETROV CLASSIFICATION

Baranov A.M.

It is considered the problem of a superposition of the Weyl matrices with different canonical basises with a point of view of Petrovs algebraic classification of gravitational fields. Weyl matrices are close connected with the algebraic classification. Such superposition of the Weyl matrices has physical interpretation in superposition of weak gravitational fields and may be used for getting resulting gravitational field. An example of an investigation there is sum of two Weyl matrices for two gravitational plane waves of type N by Petrov classification. In linear approximation we get a new resulting solution of the Einstien equations with traceless energy-momentum tensor which is nilpotent matrix of index three. The energy-momentum tensor of the electromagnetic high frequency radiation is the nilpotent matrix of index two. The optical expansion scalars; the optical scalars describing rotation and shear of new congruences in resulting gravitational field vanish. The congruence with tangent eigenvector of energy-momentum tensor in the first approximation behaves as a laminary flow of perfect fluid similarly as free electromagnetic radiation.

Keywords: gravitational waves, algebraic classification of Petrov, Weyl matrices, a superposition (composition) principle of space types, linearised Einstein equations.

UDC: 530.12; 530.51

PACS: 04.20.-q, 04.20.Cv

DOI: 10.17238/issn2226-8812.2022.1.13-19

Please cite this article in English as:
Baranov A.M. Weak gravitational waves and Petrov classification. Space, Time and Fundamental Interactions, 2022, no. 38, pp. 13-19.