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2018, no. 2

Venus theoretical and experimental atmosphere superrotation study

Ekonomov A.P., Struct P.V., Kerzhanovich V.V., Linkin V.M., Lipatov A.N., Makarov V.S., Manukin A.B.

Advanced explanation of the physical mechanism of superrotation is proposed. The reason is solar light pressure. The atmosphere of Venus was remotely studied for approximately 100 years and with spacecrafts for nearly half a century. As a result, there was a dramatic modernization in terms of views. The main finding is the detection of a unique phenomenon: the superrotation of the atmosphere. For the first time, this was detected from orbit in 1974 via the spacecraft Mariner, and this is the main element of atmospheric dynamics. The superrotation study was conducted in the UV range at altitudes of 65-69 km and in the IR range of 51-59 km, and also, during the course of the experiment, using a VEGA balloon at 53-55 km. At intermediate altitudes, systematic measurements were not carried out. It is proposed to introduce light weight balloon probes into the atmosphere at different altitudes, but with increased durability. Envelopes are made of metalized PET foil. The payload mass on each probe is 1kg. The diameter of the envelope depends on the altitude and at an altitude range 50-70 km is within the range of 1-3 meters. The expedition should last approximately 30 Earth days.

Keywords: Venus, atmosphere superrotation, balloon.

UDC: 517.917

PACS: 04.50.Kd, 04.20.Jb

DOI: 10.17238/issn2226-8812.2018.2.68-74

Please cite this article in English as:
Ekonomov A.P., Struct P.V., Kerzhanovich V.V., Linkin V.M., Lipatov A.N., Makarov V.S., Manukin A.B. Venus theoretical and experimental atmosphere superrotation study. Space, Time and Fundamental Interactions, 2018, no. 2, pp. 6874.